The English Model 3 Linotype


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1. Overview

Introduced in 1907. Two-magazine mixer. Type up to 14 point. 30 pica measure.

A 180-key Arabic version was also produced.

(Note that as is the case with all English machines starting with the English Model 2 and continuing up to (but not including) the Elektrons, this model is unrelated to the American Linotype model of the same number. The American Model 3 was a single-magazine successor to the Model 1, introduced in 1902.)

2. Characteristics and Appearance

{L&M Circa 1936}, pp. 11-13, says that this machine "closely resembled the single-magazine machines" and that it was a two-magazine mixer supporting double-letter matrices for type up to 14 point (on slugs up to 14 points).

Legros & Grant say that a special recessed mold was available to handle type up to 36 point. ( {LG 1916}, p. 432) The documentation from Linotype & Machinery available to me does not yet confirm this.

The wheel on each end of the distributor was a feature unique to this model.

Here is the English Model 3 as shown in Legros & Grant's Typographical Printing Surfaces ( {LG 1916}, plate 61). This image is in the public domain in the US.

[click image to view larger]

image link-to-legros-grant-1916-plate-061-1200grey-fig-406-english-model-3-linotype-double-magazine-sf0.jpg

(Scanned by me from the original. This image is public domain in the US. The image above links to a PDF constructed from a JPEG conversion of this scan. Here is the original 1200dpi scan losslessly as a PNG (unfortunately, when I scanned it I was still scanning monochrome images in greyscale, not RGB). It is 19 Megabytes in size: legros-grant-1916-plate-061-1200grey-fig-406-english-model-3-linotype-double-magazine-crop-5599x7227.png )

Just to confirm that this is indeed the Model 3, here is the same photograph as shown in {L&M Circa 1936}, p. 14.

[click image to view larger]

image link-to-lm-uk-the-linotype-2128M-1200rgb-014-model-3-linotype-uk-sf0.jpg

(Please see the "IMPORTANT NOTE on the copyright status of: The Linotype: Its Mechanical Details and their Adjustment " in the legal fine print at the bottom of this page. This image may be in copyright in your country, and is not licensed under the same Creative Commons license as the rest of this page. It is used here under the doctrine of "Fair Use" in US copyright law.)

3. Arabic Version

Legros and Grant also show a 180-key Arabic version of this machine. Of it, they say:

"Since Arabic reads from right to left, the order of setting must be of the opposite hand to the usal with latin, greek, and Cyrillic characters. As the Linotype requires the matrices to be composed from left to right, the required result is obtained by the inversion of the character on the matrix as compared with the latin sorts. Thus the composing portion of the machine remains the same in operation but the slug when cast requires to be turned upside-down after ejection, and to be placed at the left-hand end of the column of slugs already cast, instead of at the right, as in the ordinary Linotype machine. ( {LG 1916}, pp. 542-543)

"By special alterations in model 3 Linotype machine [sic] it has been made possible to carry out the composition of Arabic and other oriental languages. The keyboard has twelve rows of keys in place of the usual six rows, and matrices of a single-letter fount are distributed into the channels of the two magazines. The galley of the machine is of special construction, and so arranged that the completed slugs are delivered in column from left to right instead of the usual order; the arrangement which effects this is shown in fig. 407, plate XLII." ( {LG 1916}, pp. 431-432)

Here it is as shown in their Plate 62:

[click image to view larger]

image link-to-legros-grant-1916-plate-062-1200grey-fig-407-arabic-linotype-sf0.jpg

(Scanned by me from the original. This image is public domain in the US. The image above links to a PDF constructed from a JPEG conversion of this scan. Here is the original 1200dpi scan losslessly as a PNG (18 Megabytes): legros-grant-1916-plate-062-1200grey-fig-407-arabic-linotype-crop-5840x7488.png )

4. Notes and References

{LG 1916} Legros, Lucien Alphonse and John Cameron Grant. Typographical Printing Surfaces. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1916.

{L&M Circa 1936} The Linotype: Its Mechanical Details and their Adjustments. London: Linotype and Machinery Limited, [n.d., circa 1936]

{L&M 1964} The Linotype Manual. London: Linotype and Machinery Limited, 1964.

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