The Model 1 Linotype (1892-1902)

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1. Summary

This was

Note: Some sources call this machine the "Simplex" Linotype (other sources call the Square Base the "Simplex," and at least one source calls both the Simplex. However, I can find no evidence that this machine was called the "Simplex" during its manufacture or at any point for several decades after (until the 1930s in German and the 1950s in English). See the Notebook on the "Simplex" Linotype for a discussion of why I do not believe that "Simplex" is a valid name for either of these machines .

2. Features

3. Survivors

4. Illustrations and Literature

(See also the modern photographs of surviving machines in the references to these surviving machines noted earlier.)

In the 20th century, the Mergenthaler Linotype Company was a major corporation which as a matter of course took out consistent full-page ads in trade journals. It didn't start out that way. They never advertised the "Blower" Linotype in the US trade press. The only ads which even make reference to the "Square Base" machine are a series of threats against customers of the Rogers Typograph.

I believe that the first advertisement in The Inland Printer which specifically promotes the Model 1 Linotype (and the first to illustrate a Linotype of any model) appeared in February, 1893 (a few months after the introduction of this machine). In this ad it is simply called "The Linotype."

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(From {{ Inland Printer Feb. 1893} )

5. Notes and References

{Goble 1984} Goble, George Corban. The Obituary of a Machine: The Rise and Fall of Ottmar Mergenthaler's Linotype at U.S. Newspapers . Ph.D. Dissertation, Indiana University, 1984.

{ Inland Printer Feb. 1893} The Inland Printer. Vol. 10, No. 5 (Feb. 1893): 458. Digitized by Google from the Univ. of Michigan copy and available via The Hathi Trust.)

{Kahan 2000} Kahan, Basil. Ottmar Mergenthaler: The Man and His Machine. (New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2000)

{Mergenthaler 1989} Mergenthaler, Ottmar and Carl Schlesinger, ed. The Biography of Ottmar Mergenthaler, Inventor of the Linotype. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Books, 1989.

In 1898, Mergenthaler dictated his autobiography in the third person and published it anonymously as Biography of Ottmar Mergenthaler and History of the Linotype, Its Invention and Development . This present volume is Carl Schlesinger's edition of Mergenthaler's (auto)biography. It contains substantial additional material by Schlesinger, including his analysis of the electroformed matrices used for the first six months of operation of the "Blower" Linotype in 1886.

{MLC 1914} Suggestions to Linotype Machinists Brooklyn, NY: Mergenthaler Linotype Company, 1914.

{MPC 1890} The New Linotype. NY: Mergenthaler Printing Company, [n.d., but 1890 on internal evidence]

{Pearson 1936} Pearson, Frank. Ottmar Mergenthaler. [a "special historical number of"] The Business Printer. (July-August, 1935). Salt Lake City, UT: Porte Publishing Company, 1935.

{Romano 1986} Romano, Frank J. Machine Writing and Typesetting. Salem, NH: GAMA, 1986.

{Spencer} Spencer, Leonard. "Linotype Models." This is a compendium of Linotype model information compiled by the Intertype Corporation in the 1940s. Online at

{Thompson 1904} Thompson, John S. History of Composing Mchines. Chicago: The Inland Printer Company, 1904.