William W. Jackson

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1. Overview

American. Born July 25, 1847 in Camden, NJ. Died August 14, 1898 in Atlantic City, NJ. {Saxe-Loy, pp. 64-70}

2. Typefaces Designed and/or Cut

Abbey. ca. 1892. for Farmer, Little.

3. Typefaces with Uncertain Attribution

Jackson has also been cited as involved with these typefaces, but other evidence suggests that he was not.

In the cases of Geometric, Geometric Italic(Central), Morning Glory (Central), Scribner (Central), and Type Writer (Central) the attribution of the cutting of these typefaces is important because if they were in fact cut by William A. Schraubstädter at the Central Type Foundry Pantograph they would be the first typefaces cut by machine in America.

Geometric (Central). Mullen cites it as "Cut by Gustav Schroeder and William Jackson." (p. 135) [5] But Nicholas J. Werner, in two articles, says that Gustave F. Schroeder cut the patterns for it and William A. Schraubstädter engraved its matrices directly using the Central Type Foundry Pantograph. [1] [4]

Geometric Antique (Central). Mullen cites it as "Designed by William Jackson, cut by Gustav Schroeder and William Jackson." (p. 135) But note that Mullen also attributes Geometric (Central) and Geometric Italic (Central) to Jackson and Schroeder, while Nicholas J. Werner, in two articles, says that Gustave F. Schroeder cut the patterns for them and William A. Schraubstädter engraved their matrices directly using the Central Type Foundry Pantograph. However, Werner does not mention Geometric Antique in either article. [1] [4]

Geometric Condensed (Central). Mullen cites it as "cut by Gustav Schroeder and William Jackson." (p. 135) But note that Mullen also attributes Geometric (Central) and Geometric Italic (Central) to Jackson and Schroeder, while Nicholas J. Werner, in two articles, says that Gustave F. Schroeder cut the patterns for them and William A. Schraubstädter engraved their matrices directly using the Central Type Foundry Pantograph. However, Werner does not mention Geometric Condensed in either article. [1] [4]

4. Notes

1. Werner, N. J. "St. Louis' Place on the Type-Founders' Map." The Inland Printer. Vol. 79, No. 5 (August 1927): 764-766.

2. Werner, N. J. An Address by N. J. Werner of St. Louis. St. Louis: [St. Louis Club of Printing House Craftsmen, 1931. , reprinted as "St. Louis in Type-Founding History" Share Your Knowledge Review, Vol. 22, No. 3 (January 1941): 21-26.

3. Loy, William E. "Designers and Engravers of Type," No. 11 - Gustav F. Schroeder. The Inland Printer. Vol. 22, No. 3 (1898-12), p. 338.

4. Loy, William E. "Designers and Engravers of Type," No. 19 - Nicholas J. Werner. The Inland Printer. Vol. 23, No. 5 (1899-08), p. 595.

5. Mullen, Robert A. Recasting a Craft: St. Louis Typefounders Respond to Industrialization. (Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 2005).


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