Lucien A. Legros, in his 1908 paper "Typecasting and Composing Machinery," writes describes a method of cutting away working patterns to receive inserts for accents:
"In the case of accented sorts the upper part of the former [former = working pattern] is cut away to receive the accent former, so that the number of formers required can be kept to a minimum. Special accents are required for the i owing to its small set, and a blank piece of equal size for the production of non-accented sorts. With the exception of th ei the accents can be made interchangeable." (p. 1068)
In their 1916 Typographical Printing Surfaces, Legros and Grant , attribute this practice to the ATF/Benton wax plate method. The also describe it slightly differently, as a practice where the upper part of the working pattern is cut away completely separate (full-depth) accent patterns are used in its place:
"In the case of accented sorts, owing to the limited area available for placing the former [that is, the working pattern] on the table of the Benton-Waldo machine, in which but little provision is made for adjustment , the upper part of the character-former is cut away and the accent-former is made on a narrower strip of metal so that it can be correctly placed on the bed of the machine. Special narrow accent-formers are required for the i owing to its small set width. A blank piece of equal size to the accent-strip is required for the production of the non-accented sorts. With the exception of those required for the i the accents can be made interchangeable.
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