The Typograph [Typewriter]

Arthur Wise Cash, Hartford CT (1886-1905)

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Typograph. A type writing machine, the instrument which is improperly called a type writer. - Anna Randall-Diehl. Two Thousand Words and Their Definitions; Not in Webster's Dictionary (1888).

1. Overview

This is just a placeholder to allow me to distinguish between the little known typewriter called the "Typograph," manufactured prior to 1905 in Hartford, CT, and other uses of name "typograph":

This machine was briefly described, but not illustrated, as the "Cash" typewriter in the Typewriter Topics 1923 Historical Number , p. 41 (frequently reprinted). This source claims that only "later models" were known as the "Typograph," but Cash's first patent of 1887 was assigned to the Typograph Company of Hartford.

The "Cash Typograph" is illustrated (plate 63) and very briefly mentioned (p. 79) in Masi, Frank T. The Typewriter Legend. (Secacus, NJ: Matsushita Electric Corporation of America, 1985). The example shown is from the Don Sutherland collection (NY).

The Virtual Typewriter Museum shows a surviving example as the "Typograph" or "Cash Typewriter."

An example of such a machine was sold by for a reported $25,000 by Brandford House Antiques, http://branfordhouseantiques.com/

The earliest patent related to the machine seems to be Arthur W. Cash's US patent 372,516 issued in 1887 (but filed April 4, 1886). We know his full name, Arthur Wise Cash, from his US patent 427,500.

A full-page advertisement for the Typograph appeared in the 1891 edition of Geers' Business Directory for Hartford, CT, p. 480.

Connecticut General Assembly Senate Bill No. 243 of 1905, "An Act Annulling the Existence of Certain Corporations" (in other words, the list of all corporations in Connecticut which were dissolved at that time for non-payment of their annual fees) dissolved the Hartford Typograph Company in January 1905. ( Public Acts Passed by the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut in the Year 1905 (Hartford, CT: Belknap & Warfield, 1905): p 480.) (This volume has been digitized by Google from the University of California copy.)

As a machine which typed straight down on a flat page, the Typograph bore some resemblance to "book typewriters" such as those by Elliot & Hatch. A patent by Arthur W. Cash for a component of a typewriter, No. 717,347 issued 1902-12-30, was assigned to the Elliott & Hatch Book Typewriter Company of NY City. While issued a decade after his earlier patents, this patent makes specific reference to Cash's US patent 372,516. I do now know any details of the relationship, if any, between Cash and his Typograph and the Elliott & Hatch company and machines.

2. Patents

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US Patent 372,516 (Cash, 1887)

US patent 372,516, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1887-11-01 to Arthur W. Cash, of Hartford, CT. Filed 1886-04-24 as application serial no. 200,107. Assigned to the Typograph Company, of Hartford, CT.

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US Patent 372,602 (Cash, 1887)

US patent 372,602, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1887-11-01 to Arthur W. Cash, of Hartford, CT. Filed 1886-07-09 as application serial no. 207,603. Assigned to the Typograph Company, of Hartford, CT.

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US Patent 427,500 (Cash, 1890)

US patent 427,500, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1890-05-06 to Arthur Wise Cash, of Hartford, CT. Filed 1888-11-28, application renewed 1890-03-28, application serial no. 345,632. Assigned to the Typograph Company, of Hartford, CT.

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US Patent 428,891 (Cash, 1890)

US patent 428,891, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1890-05-27 to Arthur W. Cash, of Hartford, CT. Filed 1887-01-03 as application serial no. 223,270. Assigned to the Typograph Company, of Hartford, CT.

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US Patent 464,944 (Secor, 1891)

US patent 464,944, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1891-12-08 to Jerome B. Secor, of Bridgeport, CT. Filed 1888-11-28 as application serial no. 292,155. Assigned to the Typograph Company, of Hartford, CT.

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US Patent 466,600 (Cash, 1892)

US patent 466,600, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1892-01-05 to Arthur Wise Cash of Bridgeport, CT. Filed 1889-07-23 as application serial no. 318,454. Assigned to the Typograph Company, of Hartford, CT.

Although assigned to the Typograph Company, this is a patent for a shift mechanism applied to a typewriter of construction different from the Typograph.

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US Patent 717,347 (1902, Cash to Elliot & Hatch)

US patent 717,347, "Type-Writing Machine." Issued 1902-12-30 to Arthur W. Cash of Hartford, CT. Filed 1886-09-01 as application serial no. 212,359. Assigned to the Elliott & Hatch Book Typewriter Company, of NY City.


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