Even after the ../ Preliminary Studies in Artifice, there are still more "preliminaries" - or at least topics that are going to come up often and which, if ignored, will keep one (have kept me) from doing good work.
Note: Hand scraping is an intermediate case - a hand process used primarily to create machines. I'll cover it not here but in the ../ Fitting Notebooks. The finishes produced by some types of hand scraping (especially frosting and flaking) are sometimes conflated with other finishes; for a discussion of these, see the Surface Finishing Notebooks (below).
Cutting Tool Forming and Sharpening
[NOT DONE (mostly)]
Understanding Benton's insight into the importance of removable spindles for matrix engraving.
System Deckel Collets (for GK21, etc.) Gorton collet notes. Rivett New Style ("NS") collets; e.g. 4NS collets (used also on Gorton 375 Cutter Grinder).
For now, just some analytic and historical information on the now uncommon but quite beautifully designed Jarno taper.
This subject is closely related to that of collets (see above) as every collet must incorporate a taper.
Spindle Noses and Tool Holders
For now, just some historical research on the "NMTB" spindle noses for milling machines (and their various alternative names).
Measuring, Inspecting, Testing (by machine)
Wilder Model A Micro-Projector (Literature). Hardness Testers (Bibliography Only).
These Notebooks cover only methods using machines (of greater or lesser complexity). For measuring, inspecting, and testing with hand instruments, see ../ Basic Processes -> Fitting -> Measuring, Inspecting, and Testing.)
Machine Shop Textbooks
The works collected here are older, thoroughly obsolete, and exceedingly useful.[DONE - none]
[IN PROCESS] "Suggested Unit Courses".
[NOT DONE] [ICS.] [Burghardt 1st ed.] [ATS.] [Barritt and Larsen. Machine Shop Operations.] [Henry Ford.]
If you're learning on your own, it's good to have lists of what areas ought to be studied.
The selection of topics here will seem quite odd to some. Ornamental Turning and Rose & Straight-Line Engine Work have always been unfamiliar to most machinists. The Metalworking Shaper will be unfamiliar to modern machinists; it is considered entirely obsolete. Modern tool and die makers will find the bits on Pantograph Engraving quaint and old-fashioned. In general the complete lack of computer control for any of the tools here looks back to the 19th and early 20th centuries, not forward. The Surface Grinder, however, is not as common in hobby workshops as it should be.
Plain TurningThat is, ordinary lathe use. It's only "plain" turning when compared to the relatively esoteric field of " ornamental turning."
Literature on specific lathes: Clausing-Colchester 13" / Colchester Master 2500. Hjorth.
And Rose, Straight-Line, & Brocade Engine Work (that is, Engine Turning). Their Literature.
(And pantographic "profile milling" and die sinking.) Links to Gorton P1-2 and New Hermes Notebooks.
For tracer-controlled machine tools as they developed in the middle of the 20th century, see also the Notebooks on Automated Machine Tools, below.
Automated Machine Tools
Cam. Tracer. Record-Playback. NC. CNC.
This set of Notebooks will be a strange miscellany. It came about because, against my expectations and better judgment, I became interested in homebrew/D.I.Y. CNC machine tools. This led to a couple of hands-on building and programming projects, which needed someplace to be documented. Because it is always important to understand where things came from, this also led to some research into the earlier NC machine tools (and some reprints from this literature).
Finally, as I am now convinced that this field was not a post-WWII invention in computing but rather the next step in a long and economically important history of analog automated machine tools, these Notebooks will contain a scattered bit of the literature of Automatic Screw Machines and the like. But note that pantographically controlled machine tools are an important part of this history of analog control. These are considered in several Notebooks, links to which are collected above.
The Metalworking Shaper
An older and more beautiful tool than the woodworking "shaper."
Horizontal Milling. [Vertical Milling.] Die Sinking (non-pantographic).
Note: Surface grinding is a metal shaping operation which is employed to produce parts to particular sizes and shapes (usually very accurately). While a surface-ground part has a particular finish to it, and while that finish may in many cases be sufficient for final use, the processes of "surface finishing", which are intended to give a surface a particular finish without significant removal of material or shaping of the part, are essentially different.
Walsh No. 2 Spotting Press.
Sawing by Machine
Marvel Power Hacksaw. Craftsman (Emerson) Jigsaw.
Auxiliary Tools & Appliances
General-purpose tools and appliances used with more than one different kind of machine tool.
Setup Blocks ("1-2-3 blocks").
For tools and appliances specific to one tool, see that tool. For tools used in bench work (which may often also be used on machine tools), see Fitting.
Machine Tools at CircuitousRoot
Gorton 375-4 Cutter Grinder. Clausing-Colchester 13" (= Colchester Master 2500); its lubrication and its dual-reading dials. Henry Paulson & Co. Watchmaker's Lathe. Sherline Lathe. Taig Lathe. Gorton P1-2 "Pantomill" Pantograph Engraving Machine. Deckel GK 21 Universal Gravier-und-Nachformfrasmaschine. Logan ES8 Shaper. Sherline Vertical Mill. Reid 2-C Surface Grinder. Emerson Jigsaw. Horizontal Bandsaw.
Restoration Projects: Burke No. 1 [?] Horizontal Mill. Hjorth Bench Lathe. Marvel No. 2 Power Hacksaw. Steptoe 14-Inch (?) Shaper.
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