The Barth type casting machine was developed in the late 1880s by Ernst Lietze and Henry Barth of the Cincinnati Type Foundry, based on earlier machines primarily by Foucher. After the amalgamation of American Type Founders in 1892, it spread to the various constituent foundries of the firm, and after the consolidation of the foundries into a single location in New Jersey it became the only style of non-pivotal type caster used by ATF.
Barth casters were probably sold in small numbers to other foundries by the Cincinnati Type Foundry before the amalgamation of ATF, although as yet we have no details of these sales. After the forming of ATF, they were never sold commercially in the US and only a very few were sold abroad. Some do survive, but through a series of unfortunate events none are at present (2014/2015) in operation.
The Foucher Type Caster
[NOT DONE] Lietze and Barth did not design the Barth Type Caster ex nihilo.
The Barth before ATF
[Development.] [Use at Cincinnati, 1886-1892.] Pre-ATF sales to other foundries, 1886-1892.
ATF and the Early Barth
Sales Abroad by ATF
To the best of my knowledge, ATF never sold a Barth caster to another domestic foundry. They did, however, sell several machines abroad: to Stephenson, Blake in the 1930s and to Typefoundry Amsterdam in the 1940s.
A Census of Barth Type Casters
Including a reprint of the 1993 ATF auction results.
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